14 May

Important Battles in the Indian History(Imp. for SSC, UPSC, etc)

Important Battles in the Indian History
1. 1st battle of Tarain–1191– Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori
2. 2nd battle of Tarain–1192–Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan
3. 1st battle of Panipat–1526–Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi
4. Battle of Khanwa–1527– Babur defeated Rana Sunga further strengthening his foothold in India.
5. Battle of Ghaghra–1529–Babur defeated Mahmud Lodi and Sultan Nusrat Shah thus establishing Mughal rule in India.
6. 2nd battle of Panipat–1556–Akbar defeated Hemu
7. 3rd battle of Panipat–1761Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas
8. Battle of Talikota–1565–Deccan Sultanates defeated the glorious Vijayanagar empire
9. Battle of Haldighati–1576–Undecisive battle between Raja Man Singh of Mughal Army and Rana Pratap of Mewar.
10. Battle of Plassey–1757–British defeated Siraj-ud-duala with the help of Mir Zafar. This battle laid the foundation of British empire in India.
11. Battle of Wandiwash–1760–British decisively defeated the French in India. The Seven years war (1756 – 1763) between the British and the French in Europe ran parallel to this war. 3 Carnatic wars were fought between the British and the French and this battle was a part of the 3rd Carnatic War.
12. Battle of Buxar–1764–British defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-duala (Nawab of Oudh) and Shah Alam II(Mughal emperor). This completed the work began by the battle of Plassey.
13. Battle of Samugarh–1658–Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh.
14. Battle of Karnal–1739–Nadir Shah defeated Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

06 Apr

First in India Happenings (History GK)

Following are First in India Happenings:

1).First President of Indian Republic: Dr. Rajendra Prasad
2).First Prime Minister of free India: Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
3).First Indian to win Nobel Prize: Rabindranath Tagore
4).First President of Indian National Congress: W.C. Banerjee
5).First Muslim President of Indian National Congress: Badruddin Tayyabji
6).The first Muslim President of India: Dr. Zakir Hussain
7).First British Governor General of India: Lord William Bentinck (1833-1835)
8).First British Governor General of Bengal: Lord Warren Hasting (1774-1885)
9).First British Viceroy of India: Lord Canning
10).First Governor General of free India: Lord Mountbatten
11).First and the last Indian to be Governor General of free India: C. Rajgopalachari
12).First man who introduced printing press in India: James Hicky
13).First Indian to join the I.C.S: Satyendra Nath Tagore
14). India’s first man in Space: Rakesh Sharma
15).First Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full term: Morarji Desai
16).First Indian Commander-in-Chief of India: General Cariappa
17).First Chief of Army Staff: Gen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji
18).First Indian Member of the Viceroy’s executive council: S.P.Sinha
19).First President of India who died while in office: Dr. Zakhir Hussain
20).First Muslim President of Indian Republic: Dr. Zakhir Hussain
21).First Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliament: Charan Singh
22).First Field Marshal of India: S.H.F. Manekshaw
23).First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics: C.V.Raman
24).First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award: Dr. Radhakrishnan
25).The first Indian to cross English Channel: Mihir Sen
26).First Person to receive Jnanpith award: Sri Shankar Kurup
27).First Speaker of the Lok Sabha: Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
28).First Vice-President of India: Dr. Radhakrishnan
29).First Education Minister: Abdul Kalam Azad
30).First Home minister of India: Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
31).First Indian Air Chief Marshal: S. Mukherjee
32).First Indian Naval Chief: Vice Admiral R.D. Katari
33).First Judge of International Court of Justice: Dr. Nagendra Singh
34).First to reach Mt. Everest without oxygen: Sherpa Anga Dorjee
35).First person to get Param Vir Chakra: Major Somnath Sharma
36).First Chief Election Commissioner: Sukumar Sen
37).First to receive Magsaysay Award: Acharya Vinoba Bhave
38).First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in Medicine: Hargovind Khurana
39).First Chinese traveller to visit India: Fahein
40).First person to receive Stalin Prize: Saifuddin Kitchlu