23 Mar


• Government of India Act 1858
• Indian National Congress (1885)
• Partition of Bengal (1905)
• Muslim League (1906)
• Swadeshi Movement (1905)
• Morley-Minto Reforms (1909)
• Lucknow Pact (1916)
• Home Rule Movement (1916-­1920)
• The Gandhian Era (1917-1947)
• Khilafat Movement (1920)
• The Rowlatt Act (1919)
• Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre (1919)
• Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)
• Chauri Chaura Incident (1922)
• Swaraj Party (1923)
• Simon Commission (1927)
• Dandi March (1930)
• Gandhi-Irwin Pact (1931)
• The Government of India Act, 1935
• Quit India Movement (1942)
• Cabinet Mission Plan (1946)
• Interim Government (1946)
• Formation of Constituent Assembly (1946)
• Mountbatten Plan (1947)
• The Indian Independence Act, 1947
• Partition of India (1947)

23 Mar


1. India’s First Woman Railway Driver – Surekha Shankar Yadav
2. India’s First Woman Tabla Maestro – Dr. Aban Mistry
3. India’s First Recognized Billionth Citizen – Astha
4. India’s First Woman Airbus Pilot – Durba Banerjee
5. First Woman Secretary General Of Rajya Sabha – V. S. Rama Devi
6. First Indian Woman To Win Magsasay Award – Kiran Bedi
7. First Indian Woman Cricketer To Get 100 Wickets – Diana Eduljee
8. First Indian Paratrooper Of Indian Air Force – Nita Ghose
9. First Indian Woman To Complete Her MBBS – Kadambini Ganguli Bose In 1888
10. First Woman Cheif Engineer – P. K. Tresia Nanguli
11. First Indian Woman At Antarctica – Meher Moos In 1976
12. First Woman Foriegn Minister – Lakshmi N. Menon
13. First Woman Commercial Pilot – Prem Mathur Of Deccan Airways
14. First Woman Sahitya Award Winner – Amrita Pritam
15. First Woman President Of Indian Science Congress – Dr. Ashima Chatterjee
16. First Woman To Win WTA Tennis Tournament – Sania Mirza
17. First Chief Justice Of Mumbai High Court – Justice Sujaata B Manohar
18. First Indian Woman Advocate – Regina Guha
19. First Indian Woman Barrister – Cornotia Sorabji
20. First Woman Surgeon – Dr. Prema Mukherjee
21. First Woman To Get Arjun Award – N. Lumsden (1961)
22. First Woman Chairman Of Bank – Tarzani Vakil
23. First Woman Chairperson Of National Woman Commission – Mrs. Jayanti Patnayak
24. First Indian Woman To Receive Asiad Gold Medal – Kamalji Sandhu
25. First Woman Speaker Of State Assembly – Mrs. Shano Devi
26. First Actress In The Indian Cinema – Devika Rani
27. First Woman Finger Prints Expert In India – Sita Varthambal And Bhrangathambal
28. First Woman Doordarshan News Reader – Pratima Puri
29. First Indian Woman To Reach In Olympic Games – Sini Abrahim
30. First Indian Woman To Receive Norman Borlaug Award – Dr. Amrita Patel
31. First Indian Woman IAS Officer – Anna George
32. First Woman President Of Student’s Union – Anju Sachdeva of Delhi University
33. First Woman Chairperson Of Rajya Sabha – Violet Alva In 1962

23 Mar



[1] Life of Pi —— Yann Martel
[2] When Loss is Gain —— Diplomat Pavan K.Varma
[3] One Day Wonders —— Sunil Gavaskar
[4] My life and Times —— V.V. Giri


[5] Kalpana Chawla – A Life —— Anil Padmanaban
[6] Kamasutra ——- Vatsayana
[7] War and Piece —– Leo Tolstoy
[8] Devdas ——– Sharat Chandra Chatterjee
[9] Half a Life ——– V.S Naipoul
[10] Unhappy India —– Lala Lajpat Rai
[11] Jyoti punj —— Narendra Modi
[12] The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes ——- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
[13] Economic History of India ——- R. C. Dutt
[14] The book of Indian Birds ——- Dr. Salim Ali
[15] Living with Honour —— Shiv Khera
[16] We Indians, Train To Pakistan, Women and Men in My Life ——-Khuswant Singh
[17] The Discovery of India ——– Jawaharlal Nehru
[18] Indian Philosophy ——– Dr. S. RadhaKrishnan
[19] Gulliver Travels ——- Jonathan Swift
[20] My Nation My Life —– L.K. Advani
[21] Independence ——- S.K. Banerjee
[22] Last Days of Nethaji ——- G.D. Khosla
[23] My Experiments with Truth ——- Mahatma Gandhi
[24] The God of Small Things ——- Arundhati Roy
[25] War and Piece —— Tolstoy
[26] Wakeup India —– Annie Besant
[27] Two Lives, The Golden Gate, A Suitable Boy, Arion and The Dolphin, An Equal Music, From Heaven Lake:Travels —— Vikram Seth
[28] India First ——- K. R. Malkani
[29] My Life ——– Bill Clinton
[30] Dreams From My Father ——– Barack Obama

23 Mar

Union Budget 2015 – Expected Questions in SSC,IBPS,UPSC,PSU

Union Budget 2015 – Expected Questions in SSC,IBPS,UPSC,PSU:

1. On which date Union Budget 2015-16 was presented in Parliament?
– 28 February 2015
2. Name the Union Finance Minister who presented the Union Budget 2015-16 in Parliament?
– Arun Jaitley
3. Personal Income Tax limit was not changed in Union Budget 2015-16. What is the present Personal I-T exemption limit?
– Rs 2.5 lakh
4. Health Insurance Premium deduction hiked from Rs. 15,000 to?
– Rs. 25,000 (for senior citizens to Rs. 30,000)
5. Transport allowance exemption hiked to Rs. 1,600, from ____ per month?
– Rs. 800
6. PAN card is must for all purchase above ____ rupees as proposed in Budget 2015-16?
– Rs. 1 lakh
7. An additional ___% surcharge on people earning over Rs. 1 cr was put forth in the budget 2015-16?
– 2%
8. What change was made in the Wealth tax?
– Wealth tax abolished
9. DTC was dropped in the Budget 2015-16. Expand DTC?
– Direct Taxes Code
10. Corporate tax to be reduced from 30% to ___ over next four years?
– 25%
11. Mudra banks to be established with capital of Rs.___ crore?
– 20000
12. Rs. ____ deduction for contribution to New Pension Scheme?
– Rs. 50,000
13. GAAR implementation deferred by 2 years to?
– April 2017
14. Service Tax rate hiked to ___% from 12.36%?
– 14%
15. Tax free bonds were proposed in budget for?
– Roads, railways, irrigation projects

23 Mar


[1] Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Target 3 Million, The luminous Spark, India 2020, Mission India, Indomitable Spirit, The Life Tree, India My Dream, Inspiring Thoughts, Thoughts for Change, Spirit of India, Evolution of Enlightened Societies, You are Born to Blossom, Turning Point ——– A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
[2] The 3 Mistakes of My Life, Five Point Someone, Two States, Revolution 2020, One Night at the Call Center ——– Chetan Bhagat
[3] Inspired Talks, The Sleeping Giant, Living at the State, Way of the Saint, Jnana Yoga, Raja Yoga, My Master, Women of India, Vedanta Philosophy ———– Swami Vivekananda
[4] Lipika, Chandralika, Chitra, Geethanjali, Gora, Ghare, Broken Ties, Malini, Sacrifice, Two Sisters , Bhaire, Chaturanga ——- Rabindranath Tagore
[5] Arthashastra ———- Koutilya
[6] My Days, The Guide, Malgudi days, Waiting for the Mahatma, The Dark Room, The Bachelors of Art, The English Teacher, The Financial Expert ———- R.K. Narayanan
[7] My Truth ———– Indira Gandhi
[8] My Life in Action ——— Jackie Chan
[9] Glimpses of World History ——— Jawaharlal Nehru
[10] My Struggle ———- E K Nayanar
[11] Ashtadhyayi ——— Panini
[12] Ayodhya ——— P. V. Narasimha Rao
[13] Bhagwad Gita, Mahabharata ——- Veda Vyas
[14] Ramayana ——– Valmiki
[15] Panchatantra ——– Vishnu Sharma
[16] Megdoot, kumarasambhava, Swapnavasavadatta,
Malavikagnimitra ——— Kalidasa
[17] Broken Wing ——– Sarojini Naidu
[18] End of the Era ——– C.S. Pandit
[19] Eternal India ——– Mrs. Indira Gandhi
[20] Imagining India ———- Nandan Nilekani
[21] A Better India A Better World ——- N.R. Narayan Murthy
[22] Fasting, Feasting —— Anita Desai
[23] Forty Nine Days ——- Amrita Pritam
[24] Golden Threshold ——– Sarojini Naidu
[25] Indian Philosophy ——— Dr. S. Radhakrishnan


23 Mar

Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill, 2015

Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill, 2015:

Where: Lok Sabha
What: Passed
When: 10 March 2015

Lok Sabha passed the Land Acquisition (amendment) Bill, 2015 by voice vote on March 10, 2015. The bill amends the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (RFCTLARR) Act, 2013.
The Land Acquisition (amendment) Bill seeks to ratify an ordinance or emergency executive order which was passed on 29 December 2014.
Before being passed, the Union Government made nine amendments in the Bill (more than 50 were proposed) which was promulgated on 29 December 2014. But it refused to bring back the consent clause or social impact assessment.
Nine amended provisions which were accepted include:
• Removed exemptions for Social Infrastructure Projects in public-private-partnership mode
• Land that will be acquired for industrial corridors will be limited to one kilometre on either side of highways and railway lines
• Compulsory employment will be provided to one member of a farming family that is selling its land
• A hassle-free grievance redressal mechanism of land losers will be put in place
• Farmers may get right to appeal/complain over land acquisition hearing and redressal of grievances at the district level
• Ceiling on land for acquisition in industrial corridors
• Panchayat’s nod may be mandatory for acquiring tribal land
• Government may acquire land for government bodies, corporations
• Term private entity was replaced with private enterprise

Comment and Analysis:
The Bill that replaces the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (RFCTLARR) Act, 2013 saw debates and protests across the country since the time the ordinance related to it was passed. The main point that raised protests was the removal of the consent clause or social impact assessment.

08 Mar

NEW & LATEST BANKING Abbreviation(Imp. for IBPS, SSC, etc. )

NEW & LATEST BANKING Abbreviation(Imp. for IBPS, SSC, etc. ):

1. BSBDA – Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
2. FCNR(B) – Foreign Currency Non-Resident Bank
3. TARC – Tax Administration Reform Commission
4. ITEs: Intra-Group Transactions and Exposures
5. LCR: Liquidity Coverage Ratio
6. NSFR: Net Stable Funding Ratio
7. LRMT: Liquidity risk monitoring tools
8. CBS: Core Banking Solution
9. DEAF: Depositor Education and Awareness Fund
10. CRAR: Capital to Risk-weighted Assets Ratio
11. External Commercial Borrowings (ECB)
12. SWIFT: Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
13. FSLRC: Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission
14. MIBOR: Mumbai Inter-Bank Offer Rate
15. LIBOR: London Inter-Bank Offer Rate
16. LAF – Liquidity Adjustment Facility
17. GIRO – Government Internal Revenue Order
18. EEFC – Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency
19. FRBMA: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act
20. ALM- Asset Liability Management
21. AMFI- Association of Mutual Fund in India.
22. TIEA – Tax Information exchange Agreement
23. CAR – Cash Adequacy Ratio
24. CCEA – Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
25. CECA – Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
26. CEPA – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
27. DTAA – Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
28. DTC – Direct Tax Code
29. ECBs – External Commercial Borrowings
30. EEFC – Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency

08 Mar

Important Points from Solar System

Solar System (Must Read):

* Biggest Planet – (Jupiter)
* Smallest Planet – (Mercury)
* India’s Natural Satellite- (Moon)
* Nearest Planet to Sun – (Mercury)
* Farthest Planet from Sun – (Neptune)
* Nearest Planet to Earth – (Venus)
* Brightest Planet – (Venus)
* Brightest Star – (Dog Star)
* Coldest Planet – (Neptune)
* Planet with maximum mass – (Jupiter)
* Blue Planet (Earth)
* Green Planet – (Neptune)
* Red Planet – (Mars)

08 Mar

Highlights from Union Budget 2015

Check out important points from Union Budget 2015:(Important for various government exams such as IBPS, SSC, etc.)


1 Abolition of Wealth Tax.
2 Additional 2% surcharge for the super rich with income of over Rs. 1 crore.
3 Rate of corporate tax to be reduced to 25% over next four years.
4 No change in tax slabs.
5 Total exemption of up to Rs. 4,44,200 can be achieved.
6 100% exemption for contribution to Swachch Bharat, apart from CSR.
7 Service tax increased to14 per cent.


1 Rs. 25,000 crore for Rural Infrastructure Development Bank.
2 Rs. 5,300 crore to support Micro Irrigation Programme.
3 Farmers credit – target of 8.5 lakh crore.


1 Rs. 70,000 crores to Infrastructure sector.
2 Tax-free bonds for projects in rail road and irrigation
3 PPP model for infrastructure development to be revitalised and govt. to bear majority of the risk.
4 Atal Innovation Mission to be established to draw on expertise of entrepreneurs, and researchers to foster scientific innovations; allocation of Rs. 150 crore.
5 Govt. proposes to set up 5 ultra mega power projects, each of 4000MW.


1 AIIMS in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Assam.
2 IIT in Karnataka; Indian School of Mines in Dhanbad to be upgraded to IIT.
3 PG institute of Horticulture in Amritsar.
4 Kerala to have University of Disability Studies
5 Centre of film production, animation and gaming to come up in Arunachal Pradesh.
6 IIM for Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh.


1 Allocation of Rs. 2,46,726 crore; an increase of 9.87 per cent over last year.
2 Focus on Make in India for quick manufacturing of Defence equipment.


1 GST and JAM trinity (Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile) to improve quality of life and to pass benefits to common man.
2 Six crore toilets across the country under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
3 MUDRA bank will refinance micro finance orgs. to encourage first generation SC/ST entrepreneurs.
4 Housing for all by 2020.
5 Upgradation 80,000 secondary schools.
6 DBT will be further be expanded from 1 crore to 10.3 crore.
7 For the Atal Pension Yojana, govt. will contribute 50% of the premium limited to Rs. 1,000 a year.
8 New scheme for physical aids and assisted living devices for people aged over 80 .
9 Govt. to use Rs. 9,000 crore unclaimed funds in PPF/EPF for Senior Citizens Fund.
10 Rs. 5,000 crore additional allocation for MGNREGA.
11 Govt. to create universal social security system for all Indians.


1 Rs. 75 crore for electric cars production.
2 Renewable energy target for 2022: 100K MW in solar; 60K MW in wind; 10K MW in biomass and 5K MW in small hydro.


1 Develpoment schemes for churches and convents in old Goa; Hampi, Elephanta caves, Forests of Rajasthan, Leh palace, Varanasi , Jallianwala Bagh, Qutb Shahi tombs at Hyderabad to be under the new toursim scheme.
2 Visa on Arrival for 150 countries.


1 Sovereign Gold Bond, as an alternative to purchasing metal gold.
2 New scheme for depositors of gold to earn interest and jewellers to obtain loans on their metal accounts.
3 To develop an Indian gold coin, which will carry the Ashok Chakra on its face, to reduce the demand for foreign coins and recycle the gold available in the country.


1 Forward Markets Commission to be merged with the Securities and Exchange Board of India
2 NBFCs registered with the RBI and having asset size of Rs 500 crore and above to be considered as ‘financial institution’ under Sarfaesi Act, 2002, enabling them to fund SME and mid-corporate businesses
3 Permanent Establishment norms to be modified to that mere presence of offshore fund managers in the country does not lead to “adverse tax consequences.”

08 Mar

Highlights from Railway Budget 2015

Check out important points from Railway Budget 2015:

● No increase in passenger fares
● SMS alert to be introduced for train timings
● To introduce air-conditioned coaches for suburban trains
● Wi-fi to be available at 400 railway stations
● To revamp station redevelopment policy completely
● To have bidding system for redevelopment of stations
● To develop 10 satellite railway stations this year
● On-board entertainment facility could be extended on Shatabdi trains
● Mobile charging stations will be introduced general class coaches
● Wagon-making scheme to be reviewed to make it easier for private investment
● To improve cleanliness & design of bed linen
● All India 24×7 grievances helpline 138 to start soon
● 7,000 more toilets to be replaced by Bio-Toilets, New toilets at 650
stations, more vacuum toilets
● Passenger travelling unreserved can procure a ticket within 5 minutes
● Mobile application to address complaints of people is also being developed
● Hand-held devices for ticket checkers for moving towards paperless ticketing
● Centrally managed railway display network in over 2000 stations in next 2 years
● We are committed to provide rail connectivity to North Eastern states
● CCTVs to be introduced in select trains and suburban trains for women safety
● Train Protection Warning System, Train Collision Avoidance System
● Tickets can be booked 120 days in advance instead of 60 days
● Plan expenditure to go up to a record Rs 1.1 lakh crore in 2015-16 from
Rs 66,000 crore in the previous year
● Railways plans to spend over Rs 8 lakh crore over five years
● We will introduce train sets saving 20% of journey time, similar to bullet trains in design, and that can run on existing tracks
● Feasibility report of high speed train between Mumbai and Ahmedabad expected by mid-2015
● The speed passenger trains across nine corridors will be increased to 160-200 km from 110 km
● Railways to go through transformation in five years; to increase track capacity by 10 per cent to 1.38 lakh km
● To monetise assets rather than sell them
● To set up full-fledged Railway University in FY16
● Rs.2000 crore for Coastal Connectivity Program; Rs.2500 crore through BOT/Annuity route
● 6608 kms of track to be electrified
● Projects worth Rs 96,182 crore to expand capacity of 9,420 km rail lines
● Drawing up comprehensive policy to tap latent advertising potential